Prior to the Kingdom of Gojoseon (2333 B.C. to 108 B.C.), early Koreans had applied stone-age art to record their lives before using letters during the Neolithic Era (9,500 B.C. to 2,500 B.C.). This above photo shows the “Bangudae Petroglyphs” (National Treasure No. 285) — Korean Stone Age (Neolithic Era) Art — which is located inside today’s greater metropolitan area of Ulsan in South Korea. It portrays an early tribal civilization that had once flourished circa 5,000 years ago on the Korean peninsula.
♦ Value-Added Insight ♦
Signs of a vibrant Neolithic Revolution, which is characterized by events when hunter-gatherers began to settle down to start farming, on the Korean Peninsula are abundant. Archaeological discoveries of prehistoric human settlements in Amsa-Dong, and elsewhere, provide ample evidence that the people of Korea had begun farming approximately 6,000 years ago.
In fact, the discovery of agricultural fields in Goseong (Gangwon Province) in 2012 is the earliest real (physical) evidence in East Asia of a farming culture precedes any other discovery made in China and/or Japan. Moreover, and in addition to farming, technologies for creating the Jeulmun pottery in Korea’s Neolithic Era have been dated, by scientists, back to 8,000 B.C. to 1,500 B.C. and are found in relative abundance throughout Korea.
♦ Food for Thought ♦
Until recently, all positive aspects of Korea’s ancient civilizations (8,000 B.C. to 1,500 B.C.) were often overlooked and frequently understated. A point to remember is that ancient tribes were living on the Korean Peninsula since at least 7,000 years ago. The form of an early nation state — in Korea’s history — appeared with the creation of the Gojoseon Kingdom (2,333 B.C. to 108 B.C.).
The word “Go” in Gojoseon means literally ancient (old), and thus Go-joseon means the ancient (old) Kingdom of Joseon; and is different kingdom from the more recent Joseon Dynasty (1392 to 1897).
Koreans generally associate their ancestral origins with people who had occupied what is today’s Mongolia, Korea and Eastern Siberia rather people who are today’s Chinese and/or Japanese. This is because there is high degree of likelihood that hunter gatherers (nomads) from Manchuria and Mongolia flowed down — via land from North to South to Korea, rather than people having traveled across ocean and seas in great numbers — into the Korean Peninsula several thousands of years ago to start a farming civilization.
♦ Language Footnote ♦
- Gojoseon // 고조선 // 古朝鮮
- Go // 고 // 古 // old (ancient)
- Joseon // 조선 // 朝鮮
- Bangudae Petroglyphs // 반구대 암각화 // 盤龜臺 岩刻畵
- Goseong // 고성군 // 高城郡
- Gangwon Province // 강원도 // 江原道
- Jeulmun Pottery // 즐문토기 // 櫛文土器
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♦ More information via Prezi (by Cole H.) ♦